We have reached that point in time where the earth has lost its sustainability, and we are slowly shifting towards poverty. Manmade disasters have influenced the world in many ways, and one of the emphasized issues today is ‘Global Warming’. The earth’s temperature is ascending at a hasty pace, thus the ice caps are melting. If this terrifying trend continues, we can only guess the dire consequences. Climatic hazards like floods, heat waves, droughts, and hurricanes are expected to become more frequent and severe. Sea level is on the rise, evaporation rates are elevated, salinity levels are outrageous, and aquatic life suffers.

Mitigation and Adaptation

The most immediate response to climate change must be mitigation, i.e. reducing or eliminating activities that cause environmental degradation. However, the problems have reached a stage where individual efforts cannot make a noticeable difference. The air, land, and water pollution geerated from our daily choices needs to be controlled. Environmental conservation movements have been initiated at national and international levels; nonetheless, the journey to regaining sustainability is a long and grueling one.

The key route to mitigation is by plummeting the emissions of greenhouse gases into the atmosphere. Fossil fuels are the main culprits and they are readily depleting anyway. We are deliberately moving towards renewable (and environmentally friendly) sources of energy, but the revolution is not as simple as it sounds. Only the most privileged countries have the resources to exercise big change, whereas it is the third world countries that need this change the most.

Progress requires investment, strategy, and opportunity; unfortunately, access to all three stipulations at once is out of the ordinary. Technology has grown and advanced tremendously; development of disaster prediction systems could save many lives. When people receive a warning for an approaching catastrophe, they can take certain precautionary measures or temporarily flee from the spot. In addition, mobile homes and underground refuge are two options that hold some potential.

Humans have been adapting to climatic changes since the beginning of time, and we continue to work around them. Climatic conditions have a big influence on our lifestyle, including meals, clothing, utility consumption, travel, etc. Artificial cooling is already available all around the globe to beat the heat, but the poor still suffer.

Deforestation has promoted floods and droughts, leading to soil erosion and desertification. Replacing the trees we cut down is the only solution to restoring barren land and eradicating air pollution. Plants absorb harmful gases like carbon dioxide, methane, and carbon monoxide; their roots hold the soil in place and preserve moisture. Thus, every tree we plant counts, as it is an asset for our future generations.

We have to stop wasting natural resources and opt for greener choices. Eating organic and refusing processed food, walking or cycling instead of using fossil-fueled transportation, and preferring recycled stuff, are a few ways to diminish your contribution to climate change. We need to look after our motherland. All the bad decisions we make are killing her; if she dies, we die too.

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